Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the gums in the mouth. The main cause of periodontal disease is poor dental hygiene, which causes a hard, sticky layer of bacteria called plaque to form on your teeth.
In an advanced stage, this can lead to painful chewing problems and even tooth loss. Gum disease is a provocative infection of the gums and the periodontal tissue that surrounds the teeth. The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, which means inflammation of the gums.
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Causes of Gum Disease
Gum disease has various causes. The main causes of gum disease are plaque and tartar, which form when bacteria in the mouth react with mucus and food particles.
Plaque is sticky and, if not removed by regular brushing and cleaning, can harden and form tartar on your teeth. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and you will need to see a professional dentist for that.
Treatment and prevention of gum disease
Frequently cleaning and using prescription medications such as chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash will help kill the bacteria in your mouth.
In some cases, surgery may be needed to prevent the disease from getting worse. If the disease has progressed, surgery will help replace the bone that has been lost as a result of the disease. It is also important for your dentist to remove plaque and tartar and maintain oral health.